Effects of anemia on the body

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Effects of anemia on the body

Specialists identify three main causes of anemia: bleeding, hemolysis and inadequate production of blood cells in the body. In addition, there are other factors that can lead to anemia:

  1. Genetic abnormalities:
    • Congenital malformations of red blood cell production .

    • Wrong structure of erythrocytes.

    • Spherocytosis.

    • Bassen-Cornzweig Syndrome.

    • Enzymatic anomalies. Errors in diet:

      • Adherence to strict diets.

      • Deficiency in dishes of vitamins of group B, vitamin C, iron and other elements.

      • Chronic diseases:
        • Defeat of the urinary system.

        • Diseases of the heart and blood vessels.

        • Autoimmune pathologies.

        • Tumors: benign and malignant.

        • Infectious diseases:
          • Viral hepatitis.

          • Malaria

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            Cytomegalovirus infection.

          • Toxoplasmosis.

          • Bronchitis with obstruction. In addition, anemia can be caused by a variety of poisons that have fallen into the bloodstream. the body, as well as taking certain medications. Additional risk factors are injuries: burns, fractures and frostbite. Irrespective of the sex of the person and his age, anemia will be manifested by the following symptoms:

            • pale skin.

              Anemia Symptoms

              and mucous membranes. As the anemia progresses, pallor will intensify.

            • Increased fatigue and weakness.

            • The appearance of shortness of breath with moderate physical exertion. In the future, she will bother even at rest.

            • Feeling of stiffness in the legs, periodically they may appear cramps.

            • The nails are loose, the hair begins to fall out.

            • In the corners of the mouth appear jam.

            • Hands and feet can tremble, muscle weakness is increased.

            • Taste and smell is distorted.

            • Pain appears in the abdomen.

            • The skin becomes dry, cracks appear on it.

            • In women, the duration of menstrual bleeding may be impaired. If a person is in advanced or in adulthood, his anemia will be expressed by the following symptoms:

              • Frequent dizziness, fainting states.

              • The appearance of noise in the ears, headaches.

              • Problems with sleep.

              • The habitual products can cause a feeling of disgust.

              • Decrease in appetite leads to strong weight loss.

              • Probably the development of senile dementia.

              • The probability of angina pectoris increases.

              • In men, potency is severely affected.

              • If a woman has not yet entered the menopause period, then she may start much earlier precisely because of anemia. In childhood, the symptoms of anemia can be:

                • The child begins to lag behind in studies, his attention and memory are reduced.

                • Increases sluggishness, it ceases to take an active part in games.

                • Perhaps a lag in physical development.

                • The appearance suffers. Features of anemia in infants and adolescents

                  Sometimes anemia develops in newborn infants. The prerequisite for this is anemia in the mother. This violation is detected immediately after the baby’s birth. If the time is not taken, anemia will progress, gaining a heavy current. Becoming older, the child can show interest in unusual food, for example, can start chewing paper, gnawing chalk, there is land.

                  During adolescence, the load on the heart and blood vessels increases. Palpitation becomes more frequent, jumps of arterial pressure are observed, respiratory distress may appear. Perhaps the development of jaundice. Children with anemia are more susceptible to various infectious diseases.

                  Features of the course of anemia during pregnancy

                  The body of a pregnant woman needs a strengthened diet. After all, vitamins and minerals are consumed in this period in large quantities, as they go to the life support of both the future mother and the child. Therefore, it is often pregnant women suffer from iron deficiency anemia.

                  If anemia in a pregnant woman is at an early stage of its development, then it will be sufficient to change its diet to correct it. Light anemia does not affect the health of the child, but the woman’s body will suffer.

                  With advanced forms of the disease, you need medicines. Otherwise, the risk of developing fetal pathologies increases.

                  Moreover, the pregnancy itself will proceed with complications, including:

                  • Varicosis of the veins of the lower extremities, enhanced formation thrombi.

                  • The probability of bleeding and miscarriage increases.

                  • The fetus suffers from anemia, which affects its growth, physical and mental development.

                  Because anemia is a widespread disease, it is necessary to periodically give blood for analysis. Even if pathological symptoms are completely absent. This will allow to detect the violation in time and take the necessary measures to eliminate it.

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