Children with the purpose of determining any type of anemia require from time to time to donate blood for analysis. This research is carried out within the framework of age-related medical examination, or more often, as necessary.
Symptoms that can lead to anemia:
Distortion of taste, desire to eat unusual food.
Violations in behavior: excessive apathy, decreased activity, increased fatigue.
The lag in mental development. Most often, iron deficiency anemia is diagnosed in children with such symptoms. Lack of this trace element leads to a decrease in the level of hemoglobin in the blood, which provokes hypoxia of the tissues of one degree or another.
In order to prevent the development of anemia in childhood, it is necessary to monitor the nutrition of the child. The menu should be designed in such a way that the baby’s body does not suffer from a deficiency in the basic minerals and vitamins.
Children who are breastfed are less likely to be anemic than children who receive cow or goat milk. After supplementary feeding, you need to gradually include in the diet of the baby foods that are a source of iron. Naturally, according to the age requirements of the body.
If the child develops microcytic anemia, then it is necessary to contact the doctor and donate blood for analysis. The main sign of trouble is a decrease in the level of hemoglobin in the blood.
What is the danger?
If the body’s iron level decreases, it leads to the development of the following pathological reactions:
Reducing the reserves of the blood-forming components that are found in the bone marrow and in the liver.
The deterioration of the production of ferritin, which leads to a decrease in its level. This protein is responsible for the safety of iron in tissue cells.
Increase in the iron binding ability of blood.
An increase in the level of protoporphyrin in erythrocytes.
Decrease in the activity of enzymes responsible for the binding of iron within erythrocytes.
If the disease is not treated, it will progress. The level of iron and hemoglobin can decrease to critical levels. Erythrocytes will all the time decrease in size. As a result, the blood will circulate mainly microcysts. In addition, the hemogram will give poikilocytosis and hypochromia. You can detect this by conducting a biochemical and clinical blood test. These studies will confirm the diagnosis of hypochromic microcytic anemia.
It is necessary to conduct differential diagnostics of iron deficiency anemia with other kinds of anemia. So, anemia, provoked by an intoxication of the body, will indicate: basophilic inclusions in erythrocytes, an increase in the level of lead in the blood, the presence in the urine of protoporphyrins and coproporphyrins. At a high level in the blood of HbF and HbA2, thalassemia can be suspected.
Treatment of microcytic anemia
Treatment of microcytic anemia requires timely treatment. It is necessary to correct the patient’s menu.
Provided that the disease develops against a background of chronic blood loss, they need to be quenched. In women, the development of anemia is often caused by heavy menstrual bleeding. Therefore, all patients should be examined by a gynecologist. Sometimes, treatment of the digestive system is required. For this, the gastroenterologist is involved.
Often, the doctor prescribes iron preparations. If possible, preference is given to oral medication. Injection of iron is associated with a risk of allergic reactions, as well as many side effects. Self-medication is unacceptable, since the excess iron content in the body is no less a threat than its deficiency.