The age-long-sightedness is what to do?


The age-long-sightedness is what to do?

Let’s turn to radical methods of restoring visual acuity after 40 years:

  • Thermokeratoplasty – operation consists in the application of spot burns with a red-hot needle along the periphery of the cornea. Because of this, after a while, the cornea is contracted at the sites of moxibustion, respectively, becomes more convex, and its refractive force increases. The focus returns to the retina, the manifestations of age-long farsightedness go away. For the same purpose, a more modern laser technology is used where a narrowly directed beam acts instead of a needle.

  • (LASIK, LASEK, Epi LASIK, Super LASIK, etc.) – different types of procedure for “evaporation” of the middle layers of the cornea in the right places using an excimer laser. When these methods are used to treat age-long-sightedness up to +5 D, the upper layer is removed from the cornea and bent to the side in the form of a “lid”, the middle layers are ablated around the periphery, and then the “lid” is replaced. The effect of the operation is the same as described in the previous paragraph, however, rehabilitation takes less time, the risk of complications is much lower.

  • Implantation of phakic intraocular lenses (FIOOL). / b This method of surgical treatment of hyperopia is relevant for patients with a thin cornea, which is a direct contraindication to laser vision correction. Lenses are installed in the front or back of the eye through micro-cuts. It is advisable to do this only if the lens is still working and retains the ability to accommodate. The replacement of the lens with an artificial analog is performed at a high degree of age-long-sightedness, after 40 years, when the above methods are already powerless, and the lens has exhausted all resources. It is removed by ultrasound, the procedure is called “phacoemulsification”, and an artificial multifocal lens is implanted into this place, which will perform the necessary optical functions.

All these interventions, that they take a minimum of time (5-30 minutes), usually do not require any preliminary or postoperative hospitalization, are conducted under local anesthesia and are not accompanied by painful sensations. Rehabilitation lasts from 24 hours to several months, the effectiveness is also different – someone helps to restore the visual acuity completely, to someone – only partially, and some people complain of further aggravation of the disease or even the appearance of new problems.

Hardware and physiotherapy methods

These include:

  • Vacuum massage

  • Wearing special glasses for training and relaxing the eyes

  • Laser, magnetic, ultrasonic, color pulse and electrostimulation

To achieve good results, you must carefully attend the treatment room with regular repetitions of the courses, since none of these methods has a radical effect. But with persistence and combination with other treatments, you can expect to improve near vision.

Gymnastics for the eyes

Doing these exercises at home or at work, in between business, you bring yourself a huge benefit and if you can not stop the age-long farsightedness, then at least maximally delay its arrival:

  • Close your eyes with effort and then open your eyes for 3 minutes.

  • Blink often for 30 consecutive seconds, then keep the eyes relaxed for as long and ytymi. Repeat the exercise 3 times.

  • Rotate the eyeballs a few minutes clockwise, then the same counterclockwise.

  • Attach your index finger to your nose and focus your eyes on it. Slowly pull your finger away from yourself, without taking your eyes off, and then bring it back to your nose. Now describe the finger of the outstretched hand of the figure eight in the horizontal plane, watching its tip. You can also draw a look in the air imaginary eight. Alternate these exercises within a few minutes.

  • Sitting on a stool with a straight back and hands at the seams, lean back, take a deep breath and squint. Then lean forward, exhale and open your eyes. In this position, gaze alternately in the direction of the right elbow, then towards the left. Do this exercise for 3-5 minutes.

  • At the end of the gymnastics, do “palming”. Rub your hands to make them warm. Close your eyes, give your palms the shape of a bowl and cover the top of your face with a criss-cross. Wait, until the darkness before your eyes becomes black – at first you will see a gray background. Open your eyes and fix your eyes on the distant object, then immediately on the near subject, and so several times. Here are some more effective exercises for the eyes:

    h2 Farsightedness after 40 years is unavoidable

    Presbyopia is the same manifestation of natural aging as hair thinning, wrinkles on the skin and other signs of wear and tear of our body, exhaustion of the resources of its cellular regeneration. Counting on the fact that the lenses and muscles of your eyes are unique, and with age will not lose elasticity, it would be strange. But every person can take certain measures to maintain visual acuity, and his efforts will be rewarded.

    All people can be conditionally divided into three groups, depending on the initial status of their visual apparatus:

    • The emmetropy is a healthy refraction in which the focus of refraction of light rays is located exactly on the surface of the retina, in the region of the macula.

    • Myopia is nearsighted when the focus shifts to the conditional plane in front of the retina.

    • Hypermetropia – farsightedness when the focus “leaves” behind the retina of the eye

    Each of these categories of people inevitably develop presbyopia, that is, “senile vision”, but when this will happen, and what the clinical manifestations of pathology will be, depends precisely on the initial state of the eyes. Of course, also on how they were exploited during life, what diseases and injuries were affecting them.

    So, in emmetrops, people with 100% vision, age-long sightedness manifests about 40 years, that’s why this age appears in almost all thematic medical publications. Presence of presbyopia develops later in 45-50 years in myopic elderly people, because their ciliary muscle did not strain so much, and the lens did not stretch in the parties, trying to “drag” the focus on the retina in an accommodative way. But when age-long farsightedness does arise, and this will necessarily happen after sclerosing the lens, at a maximum of 65 years, they will be unimportant to see at any distance.

    With far-sighted people, the situation is the worst – they have presbyopia declares itself after 30-35 years. Moreover, they very soon begin to see badly both near and far: as the resource of accommodation exhausts, the point of limiting clearness of the near vision merges with a similar point of distant vision, and the contours of any objects become blurred to some extent. That’s why hypermetrops should think about preserving the health of their eyes as soon as possible.

    How to stop hyperopia: prevention

    To slow down the age-related deterioration of near vision, it is not necessary to give up all benefits of modern civilization, like television and the Internet. But to limit the time of communication with the corresponding electronic devices and learn to take breaks every 30-60 minutes is the very first thing that needs to be done to prevent presbyopia.

    Here are some more tips:

    • Provide a workplace with high-quality lighting – not too bright, but not dim. The optimal indicator of the power of a table lamp is in the range from 60 to 100 watts. The longer the period of operation of near vision, the longer it takes. We sat at the computer for an hour – at least for 5 minutes, walk around, razmomnites, distract to other activities. Work for three hours in a row – give yourself a rest for at least 15 minutes, best do a set of eye exercises.

    • . If you suspect a rapidly progressive age-long farsightedness, do not be lazy and go to see a doctor. Only timely diagnostics and quality treatment can save from a critical drop in visual acuity, and sometimes from serious complications of presbyopia such as cataracts or glaucoma.

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      Eat balanced, give up bad habits, exercise, take vitamin and mineral complexes in the cold season to maintain the health of the visual apparatus (if your doctor recommends them).

    • Timely treat ophthalmic infections, protect your eyes from injuries, remove options factors that negatively affect vision, from their own use. Remember that many physical illnesses directly or indirectly affect the health of the eyes and need an early therapy, including for this reason.

    And most importantly – do not despair, because age-long-sightedness is not a sentence, given the capabilities of modern medicine in the field of treatment and correction of visual impairment . Take care of your eyes, and be healthy!


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