Numbness in the legs: causes and treatment

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Numbness in the legs: causes and treatment

Sometimes it happens that a person complains that his legs are numb only at night. An explanation for this can be found simple. The fact is that in the daytime the brain receives a huge number of signals, so if the discomfort in the legs is not too intense, a person will simply not attach importance to it.

When the body rests, it is not affected by any distractions, so the feeling of numbness comes to the fore. Such discomfort can disturb a person’s sleep.

The causes of numbness in the legs at night:

  • Neuropathy, which has just begun to develop. This means that any of the above diseases can provoke discomfort if they are at an early stage of development.

  • Osteochondrosis, which affects the lumbar region.

  • Early stage of multiple sclerosis.

  • An uncomfortable posture during sleep.

  • Restless legs syndrome. In this case, numbness will occur in the feet and legs.

  • Gout.

Sometimes the leg is numb at night during pregnancy. There may be several reasons for this. This includes hormonal changes in the body, increase in body weight, a deficiency of nutrients, pressure on the vessels and nerve endings growing uterus. If numbness occurs from time to time and does not cause serious discomfort, then this should not be an excuse for excitement. However, when the symptom tends to increase, you need to see a doctor. It is possible that a woman develops serious complications of pregnancy.

What to do if your legs are numb?

To clarify the cause of discomfort, you need to go to an appointment with a therapist or neurologist. The doctor will examine the patient, listen to his complaints and appoint a survey. Since the causes that cause such a violation are very diverse, it may be necessary to consult a cardiologist, a vascular surgeon, a neuropathologist and other narrow specialists.

Sometimes numbness of the legs requires an emergency treatment for medical help.

You need to call a medical team in the following situations:

  • If you suspect a stroke. In this case, the person develops muscle weakness, speech disorders, paresis of the legs and hands can be observed.

  • If you suspect a thrombosis. In this case, numbness from the toes extends to the shin, to the foot and even to the thigh. It all depends on where the thrombus was formed. The leg loses its sensation, it becomes pale and cold.

  • Trauma of the lower limb. Even if the motor activity of the leg is not broken, you need to go to the reception to a traumatologist.

  • If there is a suspected contraction of the spinal cord. In this case, the person will be observed incontinence of stool and urine.

    urine for a general analysis.

  • Blood delivery for biochemical analysis.

  • X-ray of the lumbar spine, or MRI of this part of the back.

  • US of the vessels of the legs with examination of the arteries and veins.

  • Electroneuromyography of peripheral nerve fibers. The following examinations can be assigned as auxiliary diagnostic methods:

    • Delivery of blood to thyroid hormones.

    • Determination of serum iron level.

    • Blood delivery for determining the level of glucose in it.

    • Determination of the level of vitamins in the blood. In particular, the calculation of vitamins of the B group is required.

    • Blood delivery for the main viral infections: HIV, herpes virus and Epstein-Barr.

    Based on the obtained data, you can set the most accurate diagnosis.

    Treatment of numbness of legs

    Treatment directly depends on which pathology triggered the appearance of these symptoms. It may be necessary to take sugar-containing preparations or insulin if a person develops diabetes mellitus. It is necessary to abandon bad habits, such as smoking and alcohol abuse.

    Hernia of the spine requires an operative intervention. Patients with heart failure should be hospitalized, as well as patients with strokes and thrombosis.

    For the treatment of neuropathy apply vitamin-mineral complexes, vascular drugs. Rheumatic diseases require the intake of glucocorticosteroids. According to the indications, the patient is prescribed physiotherapeutic procedures: UHF, paraffin therapy, magnetotherapy, baths with radon or hydrogen sulphide, etc.

    Preventing numbness that can be realized at home:

    • Conducting a healthy lifestyle, failure from bad habits.

    • Wearing comfortable shoes, correctly selected from an orthopedic point of view.

    • Timely treatment of injuries.

    • Reception of foot baths.

    • Performing a foot massage.

    • Receiving a contrast shower.

    • Moderate physical activity. To improve blood circulation in the lower limbs a person should walk a day at least half an hour.

    If the doctor prescribes any medications, you must take them on a schedule.

    Video: How to treat numbness of the extremities?

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