Yellow eyes: the reasons, what to do?

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Yellow eyes: the reasons, what to do?

Diagnostic measures aimed at establishing the causes of yellowing of the eye sclera will depend on which disease is suspected.

To begin with, the patient is interviewed and examined. In the future, he is prescribed ultrasound and CT of the abdominal cavity.

It is compulsory for the patient to take a general and biochemical blood test, urine and feces analysis, etc.

In liver diseases, the person most often has pain in the right upper quadrant, body temperature rises, weakness, skin rashes appear.

With parasitic invasions, the character of the stool changes, and blood can appear in it. Patients with cirrhosis often bleed gums, itchy skin, palms covered with a rash. The blood test in patients with hepatic diseases has the characteristic changes:

  • ESR increases.

  • The level of platelets, lymphocytes and leukocytes decreases.

  • Increases the level of eosinophils. Growth of ALT and AST indicators.

  • The level of albumin decreases.

For the detection of viral hepatitis, a blood test is performed using the PCR method. In severe cases, a liver biopsy is performed. This study is conducted in patients with suspected cancerous growths.

For the detection of blood diseases the patient is assigned a comprehensive examination. Blood is taken for general and biochemical analysis, and its immunological examination is carried out. It is possible to conduct ultrasound of the liver and spleen, a bone marrow punction.

The main method of diagnosis of cholelithiasis is cholecystography and ultrasound of the gallbladder. CT or MRI is prescribed to patients with suspected cancerous neoplasm of the internal organs.

Most diseases associated with disorders of metabolic processes are hereditary. Therefore, their first symptoms occur even in early childhood. Without fail, these patients take blood and carry out its genetic analysis.

For detection of pancreatitis it is required to take blood for general and biochemical analysis, perform ultrasound of the pancreas.

Treatment of diseases leading to yellowing of the eyes

Yellowing of the eyes is a symptom that develops when serious health problems occur. Treatment depends on which pathology triggered the disorder.

Treatment of liver diseases

Depending on the disease, the patient can be assigned the following therapy:

  • Hepatitis is treated with antiparasitic, antiviral and antibacterial drugs . If hepatitis is of an autoimmune nature, then the patient is prescribed cytostatics and immunosuppressors. To remove intoxication, hepatoprotectors and antidotes are shown from the body.

  • Syndrome Cive requires the refusal to drink alcohol. In parallel, patients should receive hepatoprotectors.

  • If liver cirrhosis needs to stop consuming alcohol. The patient is prescribed Ursodeoxycholic acid. Depending on the cause of cirrhosis, the patient is prescribed antiviral drugs, immunosuppressors, antibiotics. It is necessary to adhere to a diet.

  • Cholagogues should be taken to people with sclerosing cholangitis.

  • Anticoagulants and thrombolytics are indicated in patients with Badd-Chiari syndrome.

  • Cancerous neoplasms of the liver require their removal with further radiation and chemotherapy.

  • In case of liver echinococcosis, the patient is prescribed antiparasitic drugs. In particular – Albendazole. If the cyst with larvae is large, then it is removed surgically.

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  • In sarcoidosis of the liver, the patient will have to take cytostatics and immunosuppressors. If the organ can not be restored, then its transplantation is necessary. In patients with amoebiasis, Metronidazole, Emetine, Tinidazole, Ornidazole or other amoebocytes are prescribed. Treatment of blood diseases

    With blood diseases that lead to yellowing of the eye sclera, it is often possible to cope with conservative methods:

    • Malaria is treated with antimalarial drugs. It can be Quinine, Chlorokhin, Meflokhin, etc. When developing complications of the disease, the patient is prescribed anticonvulsants, antibiotics, transfusion of erythrocyte mass, hemodialysis. Erythrocytic membranopathy requires removal of the spleen, transfusion of erythrocytes, intake of B vitamins. Sometimes the patient is prescribed steroid drugs, anti-inflammatory drugs and cholekinetics.

    • In case of erythrocyte enzymopathy, the patient is transfused with erythrocytic mass, or whole blood (if the patient develops a hemolytic crisis). In severe pathology, bone marrow transplantation is required. In case of erythrocyte hemoglobinopathy, the patient is prescribed blood transfusion, taking vitamins B9 and B12, prescribing iron-containing preparations. Possible removal of the spleen and bone marrow transplantation.

    • In autoimmune anemia, the patient is prescribed immunosuppressors and cytostatics. Possible blood transfusion, the performance of plasmapheresis, the infusion of albumin. To reduce the risk of blood clots, the patient is prescribed anticoagulants.

    • With babesiosis, the patient is shown taking Azithromycin and Quinine.

    • To remove toxic substances from the body, the patient is given an antidote that neutralizes the effects of poisons. Be sure to conduct hemodialysis, prescribe detoxification drugs, wash the stomach and intestines. In general, therapy depends on the type of poison that has entered the body.

      , the following measures can be taken: In the case of primary sclerosing cholangitis, anticholestics are prescribed: Ursodeoxycholic acid, Cholestyramine, etc.

    • With cholelithiasis The patient needs to follow a diet with the exception of fatty and fried foods. At the same time, acids are prescribed that can dissolve stones. If there was a blockage of the duct, then it is necessary to destroy the concrement. For this, the patient is sent for the passage of shock wave therapy. If the patient has gallbladder inflammation and jaundice develops, an organ removal operation can be performed. The tumor is removed surgically, and then the patient is given chemotherapy and radiation therapy.

    • With opisthorchiasis is indicated the administration of Praziquantel. To improve the bile flow, cholagogue preparations are prescribed. Treatment of metabolic disorders

      In violation of metabolic processes in the body, patients are shown the use of drugs designed to remove accumulated metabolites. Detoxification therapy is prescribed for patients with hemochromatosis, with Gilbert’s and Wilson-Konovalov’s disease with symptoms of Dabin-Johnson and Kriegler-Nayyar.

      If the patient has amyloidosis, then the use of immunosuppressants, cytostatics and hepatoprotectors is required. Therapy is selected individually.

      With pancreatitis

      In acute pancreatitis, the patient is shown complete food rest. Nutrition is administered parenterally. When an acute attack is stopped, the patient is prescribed antacids, ranitidine and other drugs aimed at reducing the production of gastric juices.

      In parallel, another direction of treatment is taking – the intake of enzymes. It can be such drugs as anesthetic therapy, prescribe proteolytic inhibitors. Festal, Mezim, Creon, Pancreatin, etc.

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