Paralysis is characterized by a serious loss of the most important motor functions of the muscle or group of muscles in the defeat of the nervous system. This ailment overtakes the patient when neurons or nerve fibers are affected. Disturbed blood circulation, a brain tumor or a hemorrhage of the brain or spinal cord can be a form of manifestation of lesions of the nervous system. Paralysis can also occur as a result of an accident in the defeat of the nerves of the extremities or the spinal cord. / H
Sluggish and spastic paralysis
In medicine, we distinguish flaccid and spastic paralysis. Sluggish paralysis is characterized by a fall in muscle tone, then necrosis of affected muscles occurs. Spastic paralysis, on the contrary, is distinguished by an increased muscular tone. In this case, patients with difficulty can control the movements of the muscles of their body. Flaccid paralysis is capable of affecting the peripheral nerve, while the spastic paralysis is the parts of the spinal cord and brain.
And yet such clinical types are not separate diseases, because the cause of these syndromes can be various factors. However, there are still some types of paralysis, which are independent diseases. For example, tremor paralysis or Parkinson’s disease, infantile paralysis or poliomyelitis, cerebral palsy, bulbar paralysis, Bella’s paralysis, Erb’s paralysis.
Facial nerve lesion leads to facial paralysis . He is otherwise called Bell’s paralysis. This type of paralysis is not uncommon, it can occur due to hypothermia, polyneuropathy, infectious diseases, malignant tumors, vascular or degenerative lesions in the brainstem. The disease can manifest itself against a background of various serious injuries or a recent surgery.
But more often when Bell’s paralysis occurs, one of the main causes can not be established. When this dangerous ailment afflicts the facial nerve, there is complete muscular paralysis on one part of the face. Such patients can not close their eyes, they find it difficult to talk and eat. Paralysis of both sides of the face is much less common.
Violation of the functions of the affected muscles usually occurs in a couple of weeks from the onset of the disease. The further course of the illness may depend on the cause of the disease. For example, facial paralysis can go into an irreversible process if the cause is an ear disease or a different injury. However, more often this disease is temporary and in a few weeks the muscles of the face are already being restored.
The modern therapy for Bell’s paralysis is the use of corticosteroids and salicylates. Also use local heat and electrotherapy, which is able to perfectly support the affected muscles in tone. / h Bulb Palsy
There are two types of bulbar palsy: acute and progressive. One type of poliomyelitis is often acute paralysis. The disease deprives the motor functions of oral organs, as well as the larynx and pharynx. Such a disease occurs suddenly. The main symptoms can be noted when the patient has a sore and dizzy head, or when he feels a strong chill and fever. There is no pain in the muscles.
It should be noted that the patient becomes uneven breathing and pulse, there is a nasal and indistinct speech. The sick can not control breathing and swallowing. The course of the disease is rapid. In the first days of illness in severe cases a person dies of suffocation. With a mild course of the disease, recovery soon comes with partial paralysis of the affected muscles. Progressive appearance of bulbar paralysis can be seen rarely.
The origin of this most dangerous disease is still, unfortunately, unknown. This disease is noted in some middle-aged men and manifests itself as a serious bilateral paralysis of the muscles. The affected area is often the tongue, lips, throat and larynx. There are changes in voice, there is a difficulty in speech. It is difficult for the patient to chew and swallow food. There is no cure for this disease, and death occurs several years after the onset of the disease.
Erb’s paralysis is in almost all cases a consequence of the birth trauma of the brachial plexus when the fifth nerve of the dorsal the brain. As a result of difficult births there is paralysis of the shoulder muscles and forearm flexor muscles. This disease is diagnosed in two babies out of a thousand.
The diagnosis is guided by the following symptoms: child’s anxiety, decreased infant’s muscle tone, weakened breathing, flexion into the injured arm in the elbow joint and pinching of the fingers into the fist. At the same time, there is no active movement in the limb.
The basic therapy for Erba’s paralysis should be done by children’s physicians from the very birth of the child. It is necessary to prevent serious development of contractures by all means. The injured limb is usually applied to tires. After three weeks, a special medical massage and certain physiotherapy are carried out. Treatment with medications involves taking specific drugs that normalize the function of the central nervous system.