Did you feel during awakening that you can not move? Stay in this state is called sleep paralysis. This may give rise to a strong sense of fear, especially with auditory or visual hallucinations. The number of attacks with sleep paralysis is different: from 1 time in a lifetime to 2-5 times per night. However, there is no need to be frightened – such paralysis is not dangerous.
For centuries, signs of paralysis have been described in all possible ways and often they were accused of “otherworldly forces”. Almost in any culture you can find stories about ephemeral creatures, because of the actions of which a person becomes defenseless at night. For many centuries, mankind has been searching for the rationale for this mysterious paralysis and the fear that accompanies it.
To date, modern scientists definitely have accurate information that most of the cases of such paralysis are nothing but shallow, broken sleep, anxiety in the process of sleep. Occasionally, a factor of flaccid paralysis is considered to be a violation of the human psyche.
Sleepy (apathetic) paralysis is a person’s awareness of the inability to move. This often happens in the period of falling asleep or waking up. In a state like this, a person is not able to move around quickly or talk for several seconds or a couple of minutes. There are people who feel the onslaught or choking.
Sleep paralysis, it happens, is accompanied by a different sleep disorder, for example, narcolepsy. This invincible desire to fall asleep, which has a relationship with the important pathology of the brain in relation to a clear regulation of sleep and wakefulness. In case of falling asleep, parony is called a hypnagogic (semi-conscious state). At this moment, there is a slow relaxation of the whole organism. As a rule, a person gradually switches to an unconscious state, hence no changes are observed. And yet, if during the asleep the patient’s consciousness is still fully functioning, then it can be noted that you can not move or speak.
Upon awakening, sleepy paralysis is called hypnopomal. It happens after the “fast sleep” phase. During sleep, the human body undergoes several phases: fast sleep (active eye movement) and slow sleep (slow eye movement). The duration of each phase of sleep is about an hour and a half. Sleep comes with a slow sleep (this is about 75% of the total amount of sleep). During this period, the body is weakened to the maximum and resumes the energy wasted during the day.
After this phase, a “quick sleep” begins. Eyes activate their work, gain a faster pace, there are dreams, but the body remains relaxed. At the time of “fast sleep,” muscle mass does not function. / H Predisposition to sleep paralysis
40 per cent of the world’s population experiences sleep paralysis, especially adolescents , although people of any age and sex experience this state of the body. Sleep paralysis is congenital, inherited. The remaining causes of sleep paralysis are a certain lack of time for sleep, a changed sleep schedule, the presence of the transferred stress, sleep lying on the back, fatigue of the legs, the taking of any medications, drugs, etc.
If after awakening it was found that you can not talk and move for a short time (up to several minutes), you have a recurrent sleepy paralysis. Do not worry, you do not need to treat it. The only thing that is worth doing is to appear to a specialist in case of severe anxiety about the symptoms of paralysis (fatigue, lethargy throughout the day, sleep disturbance).
How to cure a sleep paralysis
Specialist at the time of the examination, he can ask the patient about the symptoms of the illnesses that he had earlier, predispositions and hereditary diseases. He can refer to a doctor who is versed in this area, and can conduct a study of your day and night sleep to make sure that there are no other disorders.
However, treatment of specific disorders should be addressed. For example, an upset like narcolepsy. Effective in this case can be such methods: the duration of a night sleep at least six to eight hours a day, a modern medication in the form of antidepressants, if necessary treatment of the psyche, narcolepsy or tired leg syndrome.
And do not be afraid “Night activities of the other world.” In the case of rare repetitions of carotid paralysis, it is possible to take concrete measures to prevent a similar condition. The person himself can control the reduction of the tense situation around yourself, in particular at bedtime.
And the last thing, if the sleep paralysis often bothers you and does not give you a good night’s rest, it is advisable to find a specialist and consult about the symptoms and possible treatment.