Paresis of the limbs – paresis of the feet, feet, hands
The paresis of the limbs is a serious damage in the work of the cerebral cortex and its important parts, which are always responsible for the motor activity of the person. The main symptoms are the weakening of the muscular system or limb mobility. Stroke is the most common cause of this progressive disease.
However, if the time is not detected and does not start treatment, it will lead to loss of the full motor function of the limb. Paresis is organic (it is a deformation of the connection between the brain and muscles) and functional (damage to the cerebral cortex). The place on the body and the degree of severity of damage by the paresis are divided into several points, such as: tetraparesis (caused by the weakening of all 4 limbs of the body), paraparesis (paresis of the legs, both arms), hemiparesis (only one half of the body is affected), monoparesis one limb).
Leg and foot paresis
With leg paresis, symptoms such as difficulty in flexing the hip, difficult to bend and unbend the shin due to the weakness of the nearest muscle groups with a relatively sufficient strength of movements in the distal departments. Trauma of the femoral nerve usually contributes to the inevitable emergence of a peripheral one-sided proximal paresis.
Mononeuropathy of the femoral nerve is expressed in a decrease in susceptibility on the external surface of the thigh and an important front-inner surface of the tibia, a limitation in mobility of the extension of the tibia and straightening of the thigh.
Distal is usually a dangerous paresis of one leg, while the defeat of a personal or other tibial muscle group is not possible with stop movements. If the peroneal nerve is affected, it becomes impossible to walk on the heels, withdraw the foot and lift its outer edge, as well as the sagging of the foot and the violation of sensitivity on the back side. As a result, there is a severe deformation of the gait, or in other words, a rooster walk.
Because of the trauma, the lesion of the tibial nerve develops. Symptomatically manifested in the disturbance of plantar flexion of the foot and toes. As a consequence of this denervation of the interosseous muscles, the toe-shaped position takes the toes. In most cases it is impossible to stand on your toes and the Achilles reflex disappears. Significant trophic disorders can occur. Sensitivity is disturbed on the sole and around the outer edge of the foot.
The defeat of the sciatic nerve trunk is usually characterized with trauma, very rarely with a fracture of the femur. As a result of serious injective neuritis mono-neuropathy of the sciatic nerve arises. The consequence of an absolute break of the sciatic nerve is the paralysis of the entire muscle mass of the leg, in addition to the muscles of the external surface of the thigh, and a significant disturbance in the sensitivity in the region of the posterior surface and on the entire surface of the foot.
The paresis of the hand is characterized by a significant reduction in the volume of any movements. This can be determined by a simple handshake. In the absence of visible causes, sharp paresis of the hand can develop. Usually it is accompanied by considerable pain (for example, increased pain when coughing). Peripheral paresis and their acute development occur with traumatic injury of some of the nerves of the hand.
The paralysis of the muscles in the distal part of the hand is called “Paralysis Dejerine-Clumpke”, usually a birth trauma to the brachial plexus. There are such symptoms as paralysis of the hand, flexor and extensor fingers, as well as a noticeable paralysis of the small muscles of the hand. The defeat of the ulnar nerve – weakness, tenderness of the muscles, straightening the wrist and deflecting it to the elbow, low mobility of the fifth finger, atrophy and hypotenara occur.
The brush occupies the position of the “clawed paw”, the fingers are unbent in the main phalanges, and in others are bent if domination of paralyzed muscle antagonists occurs ..
In the case of distal paresis of hands, an acute formation of a polyneuropathic syndrome with a characteristic distal type of separation of motor and sensitive defects occurs.
Surgical surgery that restores nerve conduction is necessary in case of traumatic injury to the limb. If the paresis of the limb is the result of a stroke, then taking medications that improve blood circulation in the brain is required. Just do not forget the paresis and special gymnastics with massage of the extremities. At gymnastics it is necessary to carry out exercises that contribute to the development of the patient with the paresis of the limb.
Massage helps to avoid degenerative changes in muscle tissue, it also helps improve blood circulation in the body. Important for paresis is also the use of vitamins and minerals to maintain the overall tone of the entire human body.