To avoid getting parasites in herring, at the time of purchase, you should follow simple rules:
Avoid buying gutted herrings, since it is much easier to detect parasites when cutting fish than in preserves and semi-finished products;
Buy fish only at specialized outlets, departments of large supermarkets,
Fresh fish is stored in the freezer compartment of the refrigerator at a temperature not exceeding 20 ° C,
10 minutes at a temperature of 30 ° C completely protect it from parasites;
Fry the fish for at least 20 minutes, cutting the carcass along the ridge,
Cooking fish is done for at least 20 minutes from the boiling point of water;
Preparation of fish pies in the oven can not take less than half an hour.
h2 Can I eat herrings infected with parasites? / h2
Of the 300 species of parasites found in fish, only a few species are dangerous to humans. This danger persists only when the fish dishes are stored and cooked incorrectly. Freezing freshly harvested herring at a very low temperature will destroy the parasites in the intestines of the fish, preventing them from getting into the muscle tissue. Removing caviar, milk and intestines of herring, it can be eaten without hindrance.
Important! Discovering parasites in the intestines of herring, you need to make sure of their non-viability. Deceased individuals are not dangerous, they harm only the aesthetic feelings of consumers. / H
What to do in case of infection?
The parasitologist, infectious disease specialist deals with the treatment of patients infected with parasites. The incubation period for anisakidosis is 10-14 days. To clarify the diagnosis, differential diagnosis of diseases with similar symptoms is carried out. In laboratory studies, parasite larvae are found in the vaginal and vomiting masses.
The patient is guided by the FGDS – the digestive system with the help of a gastroscope. As a result of this study, erosions of the mucosa, larvae of the helminth can be detected in the stomach and in the duodenum. When collecting an anamnesis, the doctor specifies whether the patient did not eat fish that had not been thermally treated.
Treatment of parasites can be both surgical and medicamentous. Anthelminthic drugs – Mebendazole, Albendazole. In case of complex forms of helminthiosis, the patient is on a regular basis during the year, passes regularly fibrogastroduodenoscopy (FGDS).