Treatment of the hepatic fluke
Treatment of the hepatic trematode consists of two stages. The first stage is preparatory, and the second is directed to the direct elimination of the parasite from the human body.
The first stage of treatment of the hepatic fluke
Treatment of this parasitic infestation is carried out in a hospital, although with satisfactory state of health of the patient outpatient management of the patient. If the disease is diagnosed during an exacerbation phase, the patient is transferred to a sparing diet and prescribes desensitizing drugs. To eliminate allergic manifestations, such medicines as Suprastin, Tavegil, Zirtek, Zodak, etc. can be prescribed. As for the diet, the best way to get rid of the liver fluke is to take the table at number five according to Pevzner. The menu removes sharp, smoked and fried dishes. It assumes cooking for steaming, cooking and baking products. After the passage of the second stage of treatment, the patient is recommended to consume more foods that are rich in fiber, which will help strengthen intestinal motility and improve bile flow.
To remove toxins from the body, the patient is prescribed Smect, Polyphepan and other sorbents. To reduce body temperature, it is possible to take Ibuprofen or Butadione. In addition, these drugs act as anti-inflammatory drugs. Glucocorticosteroids are prescribed against the background of myocarditis.
The second stage antiparasitic treatment of the hepatic trematode
Antiparasitic therapy begins after the symptoms of the acute phase of the illness subsided. Drugs that are prescribed for the treatment of the liver flukes:
Chloxil (taken for 3-5 days).
Praziquantel (Biltricide). The drug is taken once.
Triclabendazole. Depending on the severity of the infection, a single or two-time intake of the drug is possible.
Choleretic drugs are prescribed for the early removal of dead parasites from the human body, in addition, they prevent the stagnation of bile. It can be such drugs as Holiver and Holosas.
Control diagnostics with feces analysis and duodenal sounding are performed after 3 months and after another six months after treatment.
Reception of antibiotics is necessary in case of development of purulent complications. Surgery with drainage of the liver, bile ducts, etc. is possible. The third stage is the restoration of the body after treatment of the hepatic fluke
. Since the hepatic fluke disrupts the digestive system and the functioning of the body as a whole, then patients will need to undergo a rehabilitation period.
. It can include the following measures:
Normalization of the gallbladder and liver using the course of choleretic preparations (Holiver, Holosas, Allochol, Chagolol and others .).
Improvement of liver function, its protection and recovery with the help of hepatoprotective agents. It can be such tools as Ursosan, Galstena, Silymarin, etc.
Normalization of digestive processes with the help of enzyme preparations (Pancreatin, Creon, Panzinorm, etc.).
Improving the metabolism with multivitamins.
The earlier the disease was detected, the faster and easier it is to achieve complete recovery. If parasite infestation is high-intensive, or if a secondary bacterial infection has joined, the prognosis deteriorates significantly. Even the death of a patient is not ruled out. Prophylaxis of the hepatic fluke
Prevention of the hepatic fluke is a set of measures that will prevent the development of the disease:
Neither Do not drink raw water from water.
Vegetables, fruits, vegetable greens, berries must be thoroughly washed before eating.
You should stop using raw fish.
An important role in the prevention of hepatic fluke is given to public services. They are obliged to prevent pollution of reservoirs from getting into them fecal masses, to fight the reproduction of mollusks. No less important are preventive measures for deworming livestock, as well as conducting sanitary and educational work among the population.
The task of doctors is to timely identify patients who are carriers of baked flukes and their quality treatment. If suspected of parasitic infestation, the infectious disease specialist should be consulted.