Preparations from broad-spectrum parasites

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Preparations from parasites in pregnancy

Parasites most often affect the human body with a weakened immune system. The waiting period for a child is a huge burden for a woman, and helminthoses often choose their bodies for their target. Preparations against parasites have a teratogenic effect, so they are forbidden to use in the first trimester of pregnancy. The harm from the activity of helminths is less pronounced than the side effects of this group of drugs.

The only permitted drug is Piperazine, which is used only for the doctor’s prescription.

Piperazine Dosage:

  • Treatment of ascaridosis – 1.5-2 g 2 r./day for two consecutive days.

  • Treatment of enterobiosis – 1,5- 2 g for 5 days, after 7 days break, the course is repeated.

You can avoid toxic effects of drugs in the treatment of enterobiasis if you carefully observe personal hygiene, steam or boiling water underwear

Personal hygiene rules – self-disinfection prevention:

  • Hand disinfection after toilet and underwear change

  • Thorough washing of hands before eating, after contact with animals.

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    Treatment and washing of vegetables and fruits, greens.

  • Tablets from parasites for children and adults

    Decaris

    A substance that allows to fight parasites in the drug Decaris is levamisole. The drug has anthelmintic and immunomodulating effect. With caution, it should be prescribed in childhood, and in a dosage of 150 mg, Decaris is absolutely forbidden to receive children.

    . Indications: infection with pinworms, ascarids, nekatorami, hookworms, intestinal ugritz, withered, toxoplasmosis, trichostrongylosis.

    Decaris is not prescribed for children under 3 years of age, for women during lactation, for patients with drug agranulocytosis.

    Dosage:

    • Adults take a single dose of 150 mg. Children from 10 to 20 kg at the age of 3 to 6 years are prescribed by 0.5 or by a whole tablet of 50 mg.

    • . Children weighing 20 to 30 kg are prescribed 1 or 1.5 tablets per 50 mg. Age of the child is from 6 to 10 years.

    • Children weighing between 30 and 40 kg are prescribed 1.5 – 2 tablets 50 mg once. The child’s age is from 10 to 14 years.

    You should take Decaris after eating with water. You can repeat the course after 14 days.

    After the drug, there may be side effects, including: sleep disorders, dyspeptic disorders, headaches, dizziness, convulsions, a feeling of your own heartbeat. After 14-35 days from the moment of taking the drug, it is possible to develop encephalopathy and the occurrence of allergic reactions.

    Helmintox, Pyrantel (base – pyrantel)

    The drug is prescribed for non-katorosis, ascaridosis, hookworm, enterobiasis, trichocephalosis. Pyrantel can be used to treat ascariasis and enterobiosis in childhood.

    Dosage:

    • 120 mg for the age of 0.5 to 2 years.

    • 250 mg for age 2 to 6 years.

    • 500 mg for the age of 6-12 years.

    • 750 mg for adults. / p

    • 1 g for those whose weight exceeds 75 kg.

    The calculation comes from 10 mg / kg. Take Pirantel should be 1 time a day, in the morning, immediately after breakfast.

    After 2-3 weeks, the course should be repeated. If the patient is diagnosed with a mixed parasitic invasion, he is prescribed a drug for three days at a dosage of 10 mg / kg / day or 20 mg / kg / day.

    Side effects from Pirantel: digestion disorders, appetite impairment, skin reactions (urticaria and rash), neurological disorders (headaches, hallucinations, sleep disturbances, hearing impairment, confusion, paresthesia), fever .

    Pirantel is contraindicated for reception with hypersensitivity to the components of the drug, with myasthenia gravis, with caution it is necessary to take it with hepatic insufficiency. Pyrantel tablets are not given to children under three years of age.

    Wormin and Vermox

    The active substance in these preparations is mebendazole. The drugs are prescribed for nematodosis, ascariasis, ankylostomidosis, trichocephalosis, trichinosis, shade, with mixed helminthiasis. The drugs are prescribed to patients with echinococcosis, if there is no possibility to perform the operation.

    Mebendazole is contraindicated in ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, liver failure, during pregnancy and breastfeeding, at the age of 3 years. You can not combine mebendazole with phenytoin, metronidazole, ritonavir, carbamazepine.

    Dosage:

    • Adults and children over 3 years of age are prescribed once a day at a dosage of 100 mg to get rid of enterobiasis. Adults and children over 3 years of age are prescribed a drug 2 times a day at a dosage of 100 mg to get rid of mixed helminthiases. The course of treatment is 3 days.

    • Adults and children over 14 years of age for the treatment of echinococcosis appoint 500 mg of the drug twice a day for three days. Then 500 mg three times in the knocking for another three days, after which 1000-1500 mg three times a day for another three days. The duration of the course can go up to 6 weeks, and sometimes up to 2 years./

    • To treat trichinosis on the first day, 300 mg of the drug are administered three times, on the second day 300 mg 4 times a day , from 3 to 14 days, 500 mg three times a day.

    • The whole family should undergo the course of therapy. For 3 days it is necessary to take 100 mg of the drug in the morning and evening hours.

    Adverse effects: allergy, neutropenia, dyspeptic disorders, glomerulonephritis, hair loss.

    Vormil, Aldazol, Albendazole, Nemosol (base albendazole)

    Indications for use are: toxocarosis, nematodes, strongyloidiasis, echinococcosis, including extraintestinal forms, giardiasis, combined helminthiases, neurocysticercosis .

    Dosage:

    • Treatment of nematodes in children older than 2 years 20 ml of suspension once. Adults 400 mg once. Neurocysticercosis requires 400 mg of the drug 2 times a day (the patient’s weight is more than 60 kg) or 15 mg / kg / day with a weight of less than 60 kg. The course of treatment is from 8 to 30 days.

    • Echinococcosis and neurocysticercosis require 400 mg of the drug 2 times a day (patient weight over 60 kg) or 15 mg / kg / day with a weight less 60 kg. To get rid of the disease you need to pass 3 courses, consisting of 28 days. Interruptions between courses should be at least 14 days.

    • For a treatment of giardiasis in children, a weekly course of treatment with Nemozol is recommended at a rate of 10-15 mg / kg once a day. For the treatment of toxocarosis the drug is taken 2 times a day (for children under 14, the dosage is 10 mg / kg). For people whose weight is less than 60 kg prescribed 200 mg 2 times a day, and for those whose weight exceeds 60 kg, the dosage is 400 mg twice a day. The course of treatment is from 7 to 14 days.

    • Wormil and Nemosol are taken with meals.

    Albendazole drugs are not prescribed during pregnancy, retinal diseases, children under 2 years of age. Caution should be used in this group of drugs for liver disease and hemopoiesis.

    Possible side effects: symptoms of meningitis, headaches, hypertension, nausea, abdominal pain, allergies, kidney failure, disabilities liver, increased body temperature, nausea, agranulocytosis, pancytopenia, leukopenia, granulocytopenia and thrombocytopenia.

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