Diagnosis of a Bovine Chain
Diagnosis of a bovine chain is difficult. The fact is that the disease has few specific symptoms, according to which it would be possible to suspect the presence of a parasite in the body.
. In this regard, it is particularly important to delicately interview the patient to establish the fact that cysticerci crawled out of his anus. It is this symptom that is crucial in determining the invasion. Very often the patients also notice the segments in the feces after the act of defecation.
If you can not find the segments, you can provoke their exit: the use of pumpkin seeds, garlic or salt laxative.
If there is a suspicion of a parasitic disease, then feces are analyzed for eggs and fragments of strobila worms. This analysis is called “coprocopy”.
Additional methods of investigation are:
Method of thick smear (Kato method).
Enrichment method Method of precipitation of Füllbörn and flotation method Kalantaryan).
Perianal rectal scrapings.
Imprint on the adhesive tape. Since the above survey methods do not make it possible to specify which particular chain parasitizes in the human body: porcine or bovine, it is necessary to carefully study the mature segments. Thus, the lateral branches of the uterus of the bovine chain are numbered from 18 to 32 pieces. While the uterus of the pork chain of the lateral branches on one side will be from 8 to 12 pieces.
Sometimes the worm can be detected during contrast radiography of the small intestine. It has the form of light strips.
. As for the general blood test, it can detect an increase in the number of eosinophils, leukopenia and anemia. However, these indicators are passing.
Treatment of a bovine tapewrap
Treatment of a bovine tapeworm reduces to taking antiparasitic drugs. Sometimes it is carried out in a hospital environment, although outpatient therapy of teniarinchosis is not excluded. Parasitological control of the effectiveness of the therapeutic regimen is mandatory.
The patient is prescribed anthelmintic drugs, the main one is Fenasal, and the additional one is Biltricide. Fenasal is taken either in the evening after a light supper, or in the morning on an empty stomach. The dosage is selected by the doctor, on average for an adult it is 2 – 3 g. Biltricide is also taken once.
After taking the drug, the parasite leaves through the anus without any additional measures.
On the eve of treatment and during therapy, a sparing diet is shown.
It is based on the following principles:
Exclusion of fatty, fried, smoked, salted and sweet food.
The basis of the diet is low-fat soups, rice, buckwheat, dairy products, lean fish.
Beverages Absolute prohibition is imposed on beet, cabbage, spinach, grapes, peaches, raspberries, gooseberries, chocolate, coffee, alcohol, apricots, beans.
You should eat small portions, at least 5 times a day.
It is possible to supplement the main therapeutic scheme of phytotherapy. To this end, the doctor appoints capsules with an extract of male fern, pumpkin seeds. For the period of treatment, the setting of cleansing enemas, the intake of laxatives are indicated.
Criteria for cure are the absence of segments in the feces of the patient for 4 months after the therapeutic course. If the segments are found, then the therapy is repeated with the same drugs.
The prognosis for recovery is often favorable. Doctors try to save patients as soon as possible from tenyearhinosis and observe them for 3-4 months. In addition, people from at-risk groups, such as farm workers and livestock farms, are carefully checked. Prophylaxis of a bull chain
Preventing a bull chain reduces to the following:
Timely detection of infected individuals. For what, once a year, all livestock keepers (milkmaids, shepherds, calves, etc.) and their family members are examined. Workers of meat-packing plants and slaughterhouses are subject to inspection.
Complete elimination of the possibility of using raw or insufficiently thermally processed cows meat.
Qualitative heat treatment of meat, allowing to kill worm larvae. To do this, it should be boiled or baked in small pieces for 1-3 hours.
Timely appeal to a specialist if a symptom is found that indicates a possible infection with a bull chain.
Thorough inspection of meat before purchase. Sometimes worm larvae can be seen even with the naked eye, especially with massive invasion.
Detection of the disease in animals during the veterinary and sanitary examination of meat. If Finns of bull tart in meat are found, then before disinfection it is decontaminated by careful boiling in boilers while observing certain standards.
Protection of the environment from contamination by eggs of bovine tapeworm. To this end, the state services monitor the compliance with sanitary and hygienic measures on livestock farms and farms. It is important for the staff to have separate toilets. No less important is the educational work among the population, which is aimed at informing people about possible sources of parasitic invasion.