Scientists are not the first to suggest a hypothesis that schizophrenia is not one but several diseases. Regular data obtained by Dominic Dwyer from the Munich University of Ludwig-Maximilian University and his colleagues from other scientific organizations confirm this version.
Schizophrenia is characterized by a multitude of symptoms, including hallucinations, mania, behavioral and learning disabilities. Symptoms, however, are present only in a part of patients, which led scientists to the idea of the existence of different forms of schizophrenia. / P $
The authors conducted a study in which they studied the features of the brain structure of patients suffering from schizophrenia, comparing them with features of brain structure of healthy people.
In total, 145 people took part in the experiment, 71 of them had schizophrenia. All participants in the study underwent an MRI procedure. The authors not only managed to show that the brain of people with schizophrenia is different from the brain of healthy people, they also identified several subgroups among those who were diagnosed with the disease. These anatomical features correlated with certain symptoms of schizophrenia. So, the brain of those who suffered from the disease for a long time, differed from the brain of patients with a small “experience” of the disease. The brain of patients experiencing hallucinations also looked on MRI differently than the brain of those who had this symptom or were rarely seen – the frontal lobes were much smaller.
The researchers suggest that patients with different forms Schizophrenia should receive a different treatment. Currently, people with this mental disorder are offered medication support and psychotherapy.
Now scientists are conducting a more extensive study, during which they will analyze more than 3000 images obtained with MRI of the brain.